Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Bất bình đẳng thu nhập Income inequality – IELTS model essay topic Income inequality

Tổng hợp bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Income inequality Bất bình đẳng thu nhập – IELTS model essay topic Income inequality

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Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Income inequality

Khóa học IELTS cấp tốc 1 tháng

IELTS model essay topic Income inequality Sample 1:


Some people believe that unequal income distribution is a necessary part of a market economy. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


I firmly disagree with the notion that unequal income distribution is a necessary part of a market economy. In my opinion, inequality should not be seen as a necessary requirement for a well-functioning market economy.

In a free-market economy, income is determined by supply and demand. As such, there will naturally be a certain level of inequality. This is to be expected, even in the most equal of economic systems. However, this is not to say that inequality is beneficial or acceptable – merely that it is unavoidable with certain economic models.

At its core, true economic prosperity is a result of the collective success of the entire population. If a few individuals are allowed to accumulate vast amounts of wealth while the majority struggles to make ends meet, growth and well-being will inevitably stagnate. This creates an unhealthy and dangerous social environment, and it cannot be said that it is necessary for the economy to benefit.

In conclusion, unequal distribution of income is not a necessity for a successful market economy. On the contrary, providing opportunities for individuals regardless of economic status can produce more prosperous economic conditions for everyone.

IELTS model essay topic Income inequality Sample 2:

Topic: Income inequality is one of the major problems of the modern world.

Question: What could be done to solve this issue?

Answer: To address and solve the issue of income inequality, governments and international organizations should focus their efforts on promoting employment opportunities, increasing wages and strengthening public welfare programs. Furthermore, educational systems should be strengthened in order to provide more equitable access to learning opportunities, and tax policies should be reformed to favor progressive taxation, in order to redistribute wealth more efficiently. In addition, progressive wealth taxes, minimum wages and social safety nets can also play a key role in decreasing the income gap between the wealthy and the poor. Finally, governments should take measures to regulate financial markets and increase transparency, with the aim of avoiding speculative investments and other practices that increase economic inequality.

Xem thêm nhiều vừ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề

IELTS model essay topic Income inequality Sample 3:

In many countries, income inequalities are increasing. Why is this happening, and how can governments address the issue?

Answer: The growing income inequality in many countries can largely be attributed to a variety of sociological, economic, and political factors. A primary factor is the economic globalization, which has led to an increased polarization of wealth. Globalization has perpetuated the unequal distribution of wealth between the developed and developing worlds, with economic rewards going increasingly to corporate executives and investors while the majority of people are unable to keep up with rising costs of living.

A second factor is the widening gap between wages and salaries earned by the highly educated and those who lack the educational and training advantages that lead to success in the modern economy. This reinforces inequality and limits access to the basic necessities of life for those without access to high quality education or well-paying jobs.

Governments can take steps to address the issue of growing income inequality by increasing wages for those in lower-paying sectors, implementing a progressive taxation system that increases taxes on the wealthy to fund social welfare programs, and expanding access to education and job training for those without access. A well defined policy of ensuring equal opportunities for access to quality education and job training for people in all socio-economic strata can help foster greater economic equality over time. Further, government can also take measures to promote job creation and wage stabilization, and provide economic incentives and direct subsidies to encourage employers to provide livable wages. Additionally, governments can also work to strengthen labor unions, which help to ensure that employees have access to better working conditions and competitive wages.

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