Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Travel and tourism – IELTS model essay topic Travel and tourism
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Tourism is becoming increasingly important to many countries around the world. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
IELTS Writing task 2: Tourism has become a major economic activity for many countries around the world. On the one hand, it has created jobs, increased infrastructure and improved the standard of living in many destinations. On the other hand, it has also caused over-tourism, an increase in pollution and other negative impacts on local communities.
The advantages of tourism are numerous. It provides employment opportunities to local people, leading to improved standards of living and an increase in disposable income. It also encourages investment in infrastructure, such as roads, airports and hotels, as well as services, such as restaurants and entertainment. Furthermore, tourism has a positive impact on the environment, as it encourages people to explore and appreciate the natural beauty of their surroundings.
Despite the many benefits, tourism can also have negative consequences. For example, over-tourism can lead to overcrowding, particularly in popular destinations such as Venice or Amsterdam. This can cause disruption to local communities and damage to the environment. Additionally, the construction of new infrastructure, such as hotels and resorts, can damage sensitive ecosystems. Furthermore, the influx of tourists can lead to rising prices for locals and a decrease in cultural authenticity.
In conclusion, tourism is a major economic activity for many countries, but it can also have negative impacts. It is therefore important to ensure that tourism is managed in a sustainable way in order to maximize the benefits and minimize the impacts.
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