Tổng hợp bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Genetic engineering Kỹ thuật di truyền – IELTS model essay topic Genetic engineering
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Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 chủ đề Genetic engineering
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IELTS model essay topic Genetic engineering Sample 1:
Some people believe that genetic engineering is a good thing for the world, while others think it will create problems. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
There are diverging opinions on the use of genetic engineering in our world today. On one hand, there are those who believe that genetic engineering is a positive thing, citing its ability to potentially prolong the human lifespan and its potential to make food production more efficient. Supporters of genetic engineering are very enthusiastic about its potential use to treat a variety of diseases and improve the human condition. Conversely, detractors of genetic engineering are worried that the technology may be misused, causing unforeseen negative consequences.
On the one hand, genetic engineering has the potential to positively improve the human experience. By using gene-editing tools, scientists could reduce the prevalence of certain diseases, including hereditary illnesses like cystic fibrosis. In addition, genetically modified food has the potential to improve food security and alleviate the global hunger. Furthermore, genetic engineering could be used to increase the lifespan of individuals, by potentially introducing genes with stronger disease resistance.
However, on the other hand, some people fear that the use of genetic engineering could have a negative effect. There are worries that the technology could be used to create “designer babies”, potentially creating an unequal society where the rich and powerful have access to the technology to create their perfect offspring, while the average person is unable to do the same. Furthermore, there are environmental concerns about the ‘genetic pollution’ that could occur from the release of genetically modified organisms into the environment, or the ‘gene flow’ that could occur from cross-pollination between genetically modified organisms and normal organisms.
In conclusion, genetic engineering has the potential to greatly improve the world we live in, but it must be used cautiously and responsibly. It should only be used for beneficial purposes, such as treating disease and improving the global food supply, and ethical guidelines must be set to prevent misuse of the technology. Proper regulation of the technology could ensure its potential is maximized while minimizing its potential risks.
IELTS model essay topic Genetic engineering Sample 2:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering is a process by which DNA is manipulated to create new traits and characteristics in organisms. This technology has tremendous potential to improve the lives of people, animals, and plants. However, with this breakthrough also comes various risks, controversies, and drawbacks.
One of the main advantages of genetic engineering is that it has the potential to improve the health of human beings. Scientists have been able to create new strains of organisms, such as bacteria and viruses, with the desired traits and characteristics. This could eventually help to create drugs that can better target and treat diseases, such as cancer and AIDS. Furthermore, genetic engineering can be used to create foods that have higher nutritional value, or are more resistant to diseases and pests.
Another benefit of genetic engineering is its potential to improve agricultural productivity. For example, plants can be modified to produce higher yields, use fewer resources, and withstand more extreme climates. This could result in more food being produced while reducing the environmental impact.
One of the main disadvantages of genetic engineering is that it raises ethical issues. Many people are concerned about the implications of manipulating the genetic makeup of organisms. There is also the potential for introducing invasive and potentially dangerous species. For example, if scientists were to engineer a virus to combat a disease, the virus may become harmful if it is accidentally released into the environment.
Furthermore, genetic engineering is a complex and expensive process. This means that it is only available to those who can afford it, further increasing the potential for inequality. Additionally, genetic engineering can also result in unintended consequences, such as an increase in antibiotic resistance in bacteria. This could lead to tougher, more expensive treatments in the future.
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IELTS model essay topic Genetic engineering Sample 3:
Some people believe that the development of genetic engineering has been a positive step for humankind, while others think it has been a mistake. Discuss both sides of the argument and give your opinion.
The development of genetic engineering has caused controversy in recent years, and there are both positive and negative views based on its implications. On the one hand, some people believe that the advancement of genetic engineering is beneficial to society due to the potential of treating and curing diseases caused by genetic abnormalities. For example, gene therapy involves changing or replacing a malfunctioning gene with a functioning one, which can prevent and/or treat diseases. Furthermore, some research suggests that genetic engineering can be used to improve crop yields and decrease the risk of starvation in developing countries.
On the other hand, opponents of this technology argue that despite these potential benefits, there are concerns about the safety and ethical implications of altering the structure of a gene. For example, a mistake in the process of gene manipulation could create an organism that is harmful to the environment and potentially result in disasters. Ethically, there will be an ongoing debate about if it is morally right to modify certain traits in an individual, such as a person’s physical features or intellect.
In my opinion, I think that genetic engineering should be used with caution and only for beneficial purposes. Despite the great potential of this technology, further research and regulation is necessary in order to ensure that the risks are minimized and any ethical issues are addressed.
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